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Sentencing Reform and Penal Change

The Victorian experience

By Arie Freiberg and Stuart Ross


Arie Freiberg, Professor of Criminology, University of Melbourne and Stuart Ross, Director, National Centre for Crime and Justice Statistics, have combined to examine the relationship between sentencing law and policy as it has evolved in Victoria over more than a century.

In this major addition to the Australasian Studies in Criminology Series, they outline the relationship between sentencing reform and penal change: how sentencing systems develop and operate; how and why certain sanctions are created, how they are implemented and how they interact with each other.

They focus primarily upon the impact of the 1991 and 1993 legislative reforms: how successful have been intensive corrections orders? Community work orders? Boot camps? Curfew orders? What impact have these new sanctions had upon the use of existing ones such as imprisonment, bonds and fines?

The authors argue that legislative sentencing reform and its effects can only be understood as one element in a larger set of institutional, political and demographic factors which influence the criminal justice system as a whole. They draw comparisons with other Australian States and experience overseas where their findings and analysis have great relevance.


Table of Legislation
Table of figures and tables

The Process of Sentencing Reform

The Evolution of Victorian Sentencing Law

The Decline of the Prison

Factors influencing Imprisonment Rates

Sentencing Patterns and Imprisonment Rates

Substitutional Sanctions

Alternative Sanctions: Community Corrections Orders

Financial and Other Sanctions

Truth and its Consequences: the 1991 and 1993 Reforms to Sentence Administration

Sentencing and Penal Change

Bibliography/ Index


Published September 1999
Publisher The Federation Press
ISBN 9781862873322
Australian RRP $66.00
International Price $64.00
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Criminology & Policing - Penology & Sentencing

Australasian Studies in Criminology Series

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